Saturday, September 14, 2013

Fracking Water and Waste ?

I found this great information and felt I needed to share it too. Here is a link to a partial list of chemicals used in fracking . http://fracfocus.org/chemical-use/what-chemicals-are-used

Fracking Fluids ...
"While 99 percent of this cocktail is water and sand, other chemicals present include hydrochloric acid, methanol and benzene".

A 1% make-up of chemicals does not sound like a lot but please note, it takes anywhere from 4 to 8 million gallons of fresh water to frack a well. So, 1% of 4 - 8 million = 40,000 - 80,000 gallons (min) of toxic chemicals (many are proven carcinogens) released into the environment with each well. In this Congressional Report, you will see some of the chemicals discovered that are used in the process, and the report states:

"The BTEX compounds – benzene, toluene, xylene, and ethylbenzene – appeared in 60 of the hydraulic fracturing products used between 2005 and 2009. Each BTEX compound is a regulated contaminant under the Safe Drinking Water Act and a hazardous air pollutant under the Clean Air Act. Benzene also is a known human carcinogen. The hydraulic fracturing companies injected 11.4 million gallons of products containing at least one BTEX chemical over the five year period."

The report can be found here: http://democrats.energycommerce.house.gov/sites/default/files/documents/Hydraulic-Fracturing-Chemicals-2011-4-18.pdf

"Benzie crews spread toxic brine on county roads".
The Traverse City Record-Eagle reports "Benzie crews spread toxic brine on county roads". This past July, oil field brine (byproduct of oil and gas drilling) was sprayed on the roads in Benzie County. The company was only given a slap on the wrist. Story here: http://record-eagle.com/local/x2040125372/Benzie-crews-spread-toxic-brine-on-county-roads

Learn more about Michigan's fight here
 http://banmichiganfracking.org/ 
EPA Power Point presentation, which reveals a clear link between Fracking and groundwater contamination, BEFORE supporting the industry in editorials like this one. http://desmogblog.com/sites/beta.desmogblog.com/files/Dimock%20report.pdf

Scientific America reports here that a study by Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA states, "In Pennsylvania, the closer you live to a well used to hydraulically fracture underground shale for natural gas, the more likely it is that your drinking water is contaminated with methane." http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=groundwater-contamination-may-end-the-gas-fracking-boom



 

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